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    1. Optimizing Locomotion Controllers Using Biologically-Based Actuators and Objectives

      Optimizing Locomotion Controllers Using Biologically-Based Actuators and Objectives

      Abstract

      We present a technique for automatically synthesizing walking and running controllers for physically-simulated 3D humanoid characters. The sagittal hip, knee, and ankle degrees-of-freedom are actuated using a set of eight Hill-type musculotendon models in each leg, with biologically-motivated control laws. The parameters of these control laws are set by an optimization procedure that satisfies a number of locomotion task terms while minimizing a biological model of metabolic energy expenditure. We show that the use of biologically-based actuators and objectives measurably increases the realism of gaits generated by locomotion controllers that operate without the use of motion capture data, and that metabolic energy expenditure provides a simple and unifying measurement of effort that can be used for both walking and running control optimization.

      Video

      Optimizing Locomotion Controllers Using Biologically-Based Actuators and Objectives



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